The women’s right movement during the 19th century was concerned with women suffrage. In the 1800s women were becoming more educated, their roles were slowly shifting as society gradually adjusted to intellectual women who knew politics and other concerns previously under the male’s domain. This awakening period made most of these educated women question the norms, especially their lack of stand during elections. The movement at this time was focused on the right to vote, as the fighters believe that winning suffrage will just be the beginning of other women’s right in the society. It was also a struggle to prove that women can be just as good as men.read more
Gender inequality is present in almost every aspect of human endeavor—in education, employment, consumption of goods, political agency, and the ability to acquire property. These are just some of the areas that gender inequality may be observed, but regardless of the venue, it is almost always the female who is disadvantaged. Gender-inequality, hence, is tantamount to discrimination and oppression of women. Efforts to control the practice of discrimination have long been underway.read more
The essay discusses various responsibilities of employers in respect to withholding of taxes. It indicates that employers play a crucial role in the administration of tax laws and in the collection of taxes from the employees. The essay shows the importance of employers playing their responsibilities well as they ease the collection of taxes by making it time efficient and cost effective. The responsibilities of employers in respect to withholding of taxes are mandatory and therefore any employer who fails to follow them fully is liable under the tax laws.read more
In a democratic form of government, the citizens have the right to elect the leaders who are to lead them and to hold the reins of the government for the benefit of all. This is the right of suffrage or, plainly speaking, election. In general, election is the embodiment of the popular will, the expression of the sovereign power of the people. Its purpose is to give the voters direct participation in the affairs of their government, either in determining who shall be their public officials or in deciding some questions of public interests, and for this purpose all of the legal voter should be permitted, unhampered and unmolested, to cast their ballots. As stated by one of the courts of law, the purity of elections is one of the most important and fundamental requisites of popular government. To banish the specter of revenge from the minds of the timid or defenseless, to render precarious and uncertain the bartering of votes, and lastly, to secure a fair and honest count of the ballots cast, is the aim of the law.read more
The government of a state has a contractual binding to provide security and fend for its citizens in return for their civic duties and responsibilities. The Pareto optimality defines an optimal distribution of benefit to the society as the distribution of goods in such a way that no one could be better- off without making anyone else worse – off. So it becomes the responsibilities of government of a state to fashion out policies that would be beneficial to its citizens. Since regulatory function is a key function to government; the control of means of production, especially key industries that constitute the commanding height of the economy, becomes necessary. This is so, in order to make the provision of essential social services such as electricity, seaport services, rail transportation, water provision, etc, adequately distributed among the different strata of the society. This has made some state government to take the monopoly of providing these services by establishing parastatals and other corporations with exclusive monopoly in the provision of such services.read more
As it is reported by Domhoff, without privileging a Marxist understanding of class structure of the US, aristocracy turned to be a ruling class having disproportionate amount of evident control. The ruling class has consequential partitions among themselves and this has an impact on creation of two totally different political parties, they also have a solid level of class mind and share many values. The “sociology of leadership technique” is the tool that is used for proving this hypothesis as well as learning the social-economical descriptions of top-level members of influential institution, from 1932 to 1964 years. The present book is the one that provides the most sensible analyses that I have ever read on the authoritative stricture in America.read more
"When we talk about environmental justice, we mean calling a halt to the poisoning and pollution of our poorest communities, from our rural areas to our inner cities. When our children's lives are no longer cut short by toxic dumps, when their minds are no longer damaged by lead paint poisoning, we will stop wasting energy and intelligence that could build a stronger, more prosperous America." -Former President Bill Clinton
Environmental discrimination is often seen as a product commonly associated with the industrial world in which toxic wastes are unbalancing the environmental equilibrium on one side and affecting the lives of the people on the other. ( Allen, 2001). In coming lines we are focusing on the issue of toxic releases in ‘cancer alley’ also known as ‘toxic corridor’, an area of 83 miles stretching from North Botan Rouge to New Orland. The area is home of a cluster of petrochemical factories pouring out solid waste and gas fumes in the locality. (McQuaid, 2000).
In the attempt to lower crime rates and maintain the social order, society generally uses several forms of punishment. The punishments being employed by the society generally includes societal protection, rehabilitation, deterrence and retribution. The employment of these punishments is based on the belief that the ensuing impairment is good in itself, the impairment is for the good of society, and punishment is not regarded as impairment to the criminal offender. Since punishment brings deprivation or pain that people inclined to avoid, intentional imposition of punishment by the society beyond doubt necessitates justification.
Utilitarianism is an ethical theory which explains that the morality of an act is dependent on the amount of utility that an action can produce (Rachels & Rachels, 2006). Among the most notable Utilitarian advocates are John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham. For Mill, utilitarianism is equivalent to the greatest happiness principle which entails that am action is right when it tend to promote the greatest good for the greatest number (and tend to minimize the harm and suffering that an action can produce. On the other hand, Bentham suggests that the amount of pleasure or happiness can be calculated using his proposed hedonistic calculus which is drawn by calculating the difference between the pleasure and the pain.read more
Kate Chopin’s “Desiree’s Baby” narrates the story of Desiree, whose life has been turned upside-down by the same man, who gave it so much brightness. Desiree marries the love of her life, Armand Aubigny, and soon, she gives birth to a big, healthy boy. At first, everything is perfect. Armand has been transformed by fatherhood from a violent and strict slaveholder to a more lenient master. As the baby grows, Armand and others realize that the former is not white, because Desiree is not white too. Desiree does not survive the loss of Armand’s love for her, and she commits suicide, bringing her baby with her. The ending lends an ironic twist to the story. A letter from Armand’s mother reveals that it is Armand, who is actually partially African. The two ideas that come up with “Desiree’s Baby” are that racism destroys humane judgment and as a consequence, it metaphorically murders both the judged and judge.read more
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