For time eternal, the question of right and wrong has endured. In the modern day, this question has evolved into the criminal justice system, and within this system, a consideration of how victims of crime can be made whole once again, how the system treats individuals of different racial groups/cultures and how the law can be fairly and equally enforced within these parameters is critical to understand. This research will focus on these various topics.read more
Howell's article mentioned that the definition of a youth gang varies from every state. They are considered a group of young delinquents assumed to have associated themselves with a gang name. This would correspond to a certain set of characteristics and symbolism usually exclusive to their group. The size of these groups also varies from every location.read more
Criminal behavior has long baffled psychologists and society in general. While extensive studies have been made in an attempt to explain criminal acts, none thus far has been found to satisfactorily explain all the complex processes and the interplay of factors that pushes an individual over the edge to finally commit to the act of doing something illegal or harmful to someone else. Criminal behavior is complex enough, but crime as perpetrated by the youth is even more complicated and disturbing. As such, the need to come up with theories and models for juvenile crime is very important.read more
Youth violence has become one the recent challenges in the United following its highly increasing levels. In the recent past, statistics from the emergency departments of United States showed that it had treated a record of 750,000 youths who had injuries related to youth violence. Basically, youth delinquency in the country has increased drastically because of many factors like the history of aggressive behavior, hyperactivity, poor behavioral control, antisocial beliefs and attitudes. It has been associated with dictatorship child upbringing, low parental care, and low parental income, substance abuse association with violent peers, gang groupings, and low attention to school.read more
This study investigates the perceptions of young people incarcerated in two different types of facilities, juvenile detention centers and adult prisons. The author of this study analyzed data collected by another researcher, but the details of the original investigation are provided in a way that would facilitate replication of the original study. The author hypothesized that young people in juvenile facilities would recognize the increased focus on rehabilitation and treatment provided by detention facilities when responding to a number of interview questions. The results did not support this hypothesis because young prisoners expressed a more positive view of the services provided in adult prisons compared to juvenile detention centers.read more
Youth violence can be referred to as the harmful behaviors that often start from early child hood and continued to young adulthood. The young people can be an offender, victim or a witness of the violence. Violence among the youths includes various behaviors. Violence acts such as slapping, hitting or bullying can result to more emotional harm than the physical harm. Other violence acts such as rape, assaults or robbery can have serious consequences and some times may result to death.read more
Hate crimes encompasses a broad concept with regards to the disability, religion, ethnicity and race, and sexual orientation of an individual or group of people. It is not only the physical term and aspect of committing crimes against certain people, but also a way of degrading and debasing the belongingness and identity of one person. We could say that a statement that would humiliate ones personality or group, whether seriously said or sarcastically delivered, in any way, is committing a hate crime. However, there are many conditions and considerations to take in defining and identifying hate crimes with other crimes. According to Jack Levin and Jack Mcdevitt of Northwestern University, "it involves actions that have already been defined as illegal in state or federal statutes, it specifies the motivation for committing the offense; it requires that a racial, religious, ethnic or some other identified difference between victim and offender play at least some role in inspiring the criminal act, and it does not identify a particular set of protected groups to which the hate crime designation can be exclusively applied."read more
In a criminal trial, pleading guilty "by reason of insanity" is one possible defense by which the egregiousness of the criminal actions having been committed may indeed become mitigated, indeed, sometimes, even exonerated completely when time comes for sentencing. "Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity" (NGRI) is a defense whereby the accused argue that they are not culpable for breaking the law, as they were mentally ill or suffered from some other aberrant diminished mental capacity at the time of the crime's commission. Common examples of what could plausibly produce diminished mental capacity within persons would include, but by no means be limited to, psychotic breaks, mental breakdowns (nervous collapse), scizophrenic psychosis, suicidal ideation, and post partum depression. Defendants may prefer to use this special defense of diminished responsibility or diminished capacity because if successful, they will not be labelled as insane. For diminished responsibiliy, sentences can range from an absolute discharge to life imprisonment.read more
The Criminal Justice System in the United States is charged with the responsibility of executing justice in the society to ensure orderliness. The system is involved in extensive research programs that enable them to understand the society better and offer solutions to the offenders. The Criminal Justice System collects large volumes of data to enable them know the causes that lead to people being involved in criminal activities. They engage in such research to enable them take necessary steps to prevent people from falling into crime.read more
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