In the attempt to lower crime rates and maintain the social order, society generally uses several forms of punishment. The punishments being employed by the society generally includes societal protection, rehabilitation, deterrence and retribution. The employment of these punishments is based on the belief that the ensuing impairment is good in itself, the impairment is for the good of society, and punishment is not regarded as impairment to the criminal offender. Since punishment brings deprivation or pain that people inclined to avoid, intentional imposition of punishment by the society beyond doubt necessitates justification.
Utilitarianism is an ethical theory which explains that the morality of an act is dependent on the amount of utility that an action can produce (Rachels & Rachels, 2006). Among the most notable Utilitarian advocates are John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham. For Mill, utilitarianism is equivalent to the greatest happiness principle which entails that am action is right when it tend to promote the greatest good for the greatest number (and tend to minimize the harm and suffering that an action can produce. On the other hand, Bentham suggests that the amount of pleasure or happiness can be calculated using his proposed hedonistic calculus which is drawn by calculating the difference between the pleasure and the pain.read more
Kate Chopin’s “Desiree’s Baby” narrates the story of Desiree, whose life has been turned upside-down by the same man, who gave it so much brightness. Desiree marries the love of her life, Armand Aubigny, and soon, she gives birth to a big, healthy boy. At first, everything is perfect. Armand has been transformed by fatherhood from a violent and strict slaveholder to a more lenient master. As the baby grows, Armand and others realize that the former is not white, because Desiree is not white too. Desiree does not survive the loss of Armand’s love for her, and she commits suicide, bringing her baby with her. The ending lends an ironic twist to the story. A letter from Armand’s mother reveals that it is Armand, who is actually partially African. The two ideas that come up with “Desiree’s Baby” are that racism destroys humane judgment and as a consequence, it metaphorically murders both the judged and judge.read more
It is the duty of every citizen to do the right thing at all times irrespective of what the circumstances are. In fact, there should be the natural desire in every citizen to do that which is right and refrain from doing the wrong thing. But the question that has always haunted us is how do one know what is right from what is wrong? How can one differentiate right actions from wrong actions? How do we measure our actions and decide which one is right from which one is wrong. Suppose I want to do what is right, how do I know what is right? This and many questions is what the branch of philosophy attempts to give answers to. This branch of philosophy is known as Ethics.read more
An interest group is a group of people, individuals or organizations, which are formally organized on the basis of one, or more shared concerns and challenges on public policy in favor of its welfare. An interest group can also be termed as a natural outcome of communities of interests. The common identity of an interest group is that all its members share a common desire which has an effect on the policies set by the government for their own benefit. In this case, a policy definition could be a policy that exclusively benefits group members or the society, the policy can also advance broader public purposesread more
The present war in Iraq began with the invasion of Iraq by United States Armed Forces in 2003. Since then there have been many bloody skirmishes and fights not only between the American forces currently stationed there and the remnants of the Iraqi forces but also among the ethnic and religious groups in the area. The recent data on the War in Iraq estimate the death count of American troops alone to be 2,815, while the civilian deaths resulting from the conflict are estimated at over 100,000. Economically, the United States has already spent $505 billion of taxpayers’ funds on the War in Iraq. The rising death toll and the economic burden that the war in Iraq has caused the United States makes it high time for it to reconsider its options and decide whether or not the War in Iraq is worth all of the lives that have been sacrificed and the dollars that have been spent.read more
The recent victory of Barack Obama in the United States Presidential Election of 2008 is one of the biggest issues among many other big events that have occurred in America this year. This year’s election was even more controversial because of the racial issue, which they barely, if at all, had in previous elections. During the course of the campaigns, other candidates may have mentioned the racial difficulties in their speech or public pledge, but no candidate ever represented him-self as a minority.read more
Racism in the United States of America still do not vanish but the condition of the black people today is much better than what their forefathers had experienced before. The peak of black expression was during the late 1800's until few decades at the start of 1900's. The span of the struggle was not clear for scholars but claim that the black movement efforts indeed alleviated the situation of the African-American people. According to Jacqueline Moore (Leading the Race), during 1880 to 1920 there was a small group formed by a black social elite in Washington D.C. This was the time when blacks in the southern rural areas moved to the urban north areas New York and Washington D.C. These blacks are educated, socially aware and racially aware. At first they have no intentions of creating a distinctive position in the society but the conditions of Jim Crow segregation triggered them to be a racially conscious group. The broken promises of Reconstruction (biracial cooperation and assimilation) disillusioned these African-American elites in Washington D.C. These black elites claimed the leadership over black community to maintain their status while helping the black race gain a reputation in America.read more
Property rights may differ in the subject that it was dealing with. There are different concepts of property rights associated with food collectors, horticulturalist, pastoralist and that of industrialization. In food collectors, property rights are dealt in a way that there must be consent in the government or in the indigenous community in order to access the food supply. The refusal or consent may depend on whether it would enhance their community or pose hazard on the people and the society.read more
One day it dawned to me that I was wasting my life being a marijuana addict. After 10 years of being a regular marijuana user, I came to this realization because of the various negative side effects that I am experiencing as well as the constant appeal of my wife for me to stop this addiction. Aside from the fact that I want to save myself from this addiction, I am sincere in doing all I can to preserve my family. My wife and I have been married for nine (9) years and we are blessed with a beautiful 6-year old daughter. Moreover, at present, my wife is eight (8) month pregnant and is due to give birth to a baby boy next month.read more
Order your paper now!
I asked Essay Lab to write an essay for me and received paper the next day after I ordered it! Thank you!
Awesome WORK! If I ever need to write my essay – I will use only EssayLab!
These people are lifesavers! Just ask – “write me an essay” and they will start right away!