The article describes the qualities of women leaders. The author, Ellen Heffes, interviewed several successful women leaders and reported the results of the study conducted by Caliper on the qualities that distinguish female leaders, specifically focusing on the gender difference in personality quality and motivational factors. The results of the study show that, in comparison to male leaders, women leaders are “more persuasive, have a stronger need to get things done, and are more willing to take risks.” An inclusive, consensus building, and collaborative leadership style is crafted when women leaders merge these qualities with their “openness, flexibility, empathy, and strong interpersonal skills.”read more
Mary Anne Warren argued that a human being is one who is a “full-fledged member of the moral community” and not just any member of the Homo sapiens species. She continued her argument by claiming that for one to be a member of the moral community, one should first be a person. According to her, a living being should first satisfy any, several, or all of five characteristics before it could be considered a person. First, it should be conscious of incidents or objects which exist either within or outside of its being. Specifically, she insisted that said living being should be able to feel pain.read more
One of the most crucial elements of a successful group work is the leadership ability of the group head. Above anyone else in a group, the leader is the person with the vision; a person whose vision transcends beyond the limits of time, age, race, resources, and any other barriers.read more
The veil of ignorance or original position is simply stripping away the biases and prejudices we use to make a decision. This will allow for a less judgmental approach to justice. For example, if my best friend stole my enemy’s bike, I may be less likely to request a punishment than if it were two people with which I had no personal ties.read more
Most people would argue that violence is an unlawful “act of aggression” with the power to make a big impact on both the attackers as well as the attacked (“Violence”). However, violence is not always unlawful. Even fewer persons realize that violence is first of all an emotion that may be dealt with before it turns into an act of aggression. Indeed, violence is a “turbulent” mental state that people may check within themselves with a little background in cognitive psychology, or with self-help books sold by the millions and authored by ‘positive thinkers’ (“Violence”). This turbulent mental state, if unchecked, could easily translate into self-aggression or harm that is done unto others.read more
My thrust and belief consists primarily of a Gestaltist type of approach in counseling which is concerned with healing through dialogue and not merely the small-talk kind; it is an honest, open, and non-judgmental, comprehensive kind of talk where there are no inhibitions to the client or rules. This implies that the relationship between the therapist and the client is a dialogic kind of relationship. The major task of the therapist according to Woldt and Toman (2005) is to assist the patient to become aware of the unconscious way that he/she pushes others away from him them, or unawares cuts away human contact with themselves.read more
It is important to have the virtue of wisdom primarily because it will lead one to a better path. I have better understanding of wisdom today because of the information I have learned form the past. Wisdom is the blessing that one have to grow as an individual. Many people are intelligent but being wise is a gift. One can learn many things from books, internet or from the experiences of other people but wisdom is the knowledge of an information and a better understanding to it. One becomes wiser and wiser from all the experiences that he has and from all the challenge that life throws him. It is becoming of an individual to get wiser through his journey in life. My understanding of wisdom grew wiser as the course progresses. One’s capacity to understanding things is evidence that one is also wiser of all the things that surrounds us. It is a challenge for a better discernment in life as one go to a process of learning and understanding. Thus, the wisdom one acquires from all his experiences is one way for acquiring wisdom.
The depth of my understanding of wisdom has indeed become wider as my knowledge also grew wider. It is important to gain knowledge on the things we study and from the things, we learn from other people. We get knowledgeable from others experiences and most especially from our own experiences. We gain wisdom from it and the ability to make good judgment. It is also important to use our wisdom in good use and as well as to share it to other people. The gift of wisdom enables us to have a perspective that leads us to a good discernment of good and bad. From time to time, we get the chance to learn many things, things that influence us in one way or another and that contributes to the development of out character and attitudes toward life. Probably, wisdom also defines the ability of an individual to handle situation that are new or difficult to handle. Life itself is offering us wisdom and it is our own ability to embrace it and treasure. I understand that wisdom is our shield to harsh reality of life and definitely, create a bridge of understanding from all things. Better judgment concludes to better understanding hence wisdom.
The Socratic belief about the pursuit of truths by the critical methods of inquiry is reflected in the implication of the Socratic examination that virtually, “every moral belief becomes false and an incitement to injustice the moment it becomes unquestioned or unquestionable” (Rothman, Barbara Katz 2005, p. 22). Rothman cited that the Socratic Method is consists of dialectic of continuous questioning among critical thinkers that proceed in the spirit of the sifting and winnowing of ideas.read more
In recent times, there has been much dispute on what psychopathy is. However, the best definition of psychopathy is that it is a mental disorder, which is associated with interpersonal, affective and behavioral abnormalities. People with this disorder show incapacity for egocentricity, impulsivity and chronic violation of legal, moral and social norms. Psychopaths are found in all places and among all the population. However, their number is large among the prison and jail population. The causes of this problem are not well known however, there are psychological, biological and sociological explanations, which have been proposed. In clinical observations, Cognitive neuroscience offers a neurophysiological explanation that psychopaths have a deficit in emotional understanding and depth. It is hypothesized that dysfunction of the brain leads to psychopathy despite the fact that there has been no justification of this hypothesis.read more
In today’s highly competitive business environment organizations need leaders rather than managers to gain competitive advantage. Effective leadership is critical for organizations to perform optimally. Sinking businesses have been turned around in a short span of time into profitable ones by great leadership. The best example is that of Chrysler Corporation under Lee Iacocca who converted an ailing auto manufacturer into a very competitive company in a very short span of time. Similarly fairly successful businesses have lost their favorable positions because of poor leadership. One of the most debated topics in management education today is whether leaders are born or made. The importance of leadership has resulted in a large number of studies conducted by prominent social scientists from different parts of the world. The leadership/ managerial grid developed by Robert Blake and Jane Mouton is a very important contribution to the study of leadership.read more
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