Cause and Effect

Published 22 Dec 2016

Job Satisfaction

The most important factors that contribute to job satisfaction are the following: 1) if the job is financially rewarding; 2) if the job offers room for growth; and 3) if the job is interesting for the employee or if the employee loves her or his job (Mayo.. n.p.).

Meanwhile, the challenges to improving job satisfaction include the following: 1) staying positive and keeping a positive outlook in life; 2) trying new strategies on how to improve performance; 3) looking for more challenging roles; 4) etc (Mayo.. n.p.).

Diverse Workforce

Having a perse workforce has the following advantages: First of all, it helps overcome problems associated with recruitment (Department.. n.p.). Secondly, it helps “widen its skills base” (Department.. n.p.). Last but not least, it “enhances its reputation with the clients it serve, as well as, other people it deals with, for instance, suppliers” (Department.. n.p.).

Meanwhile the challenges that went along with the aforementioned include the following: 1) introduction and development of an “equal opportunities policy to motivate applicants from different age groups, as well as, ethnic backgrounds and of course, applicants who are physically-challenged”; 2) getting advice with regards to: a) issues that are persity-related; b) advertisements to be used in recruitment activities; c) assessments of workplaces in order to alter the place, as well as, regulations, to “accommodate the needs of a perse workforce”; as well as 3) “maximizing the advantages of perse workforce” (Department.. n.p.).

Work-Related Stress

Work-related stress is brought about by the following: 1) inadequacy of power or control of the work; 2) too much pressure brought about by deadlines or time pressures; 3) too much time working; 4) working hours which are inconvenient and inflexible; 5) too many tasks and functions; 6) uncertainty with regards to the tasks and functions; 7) inadequacy of interest or love for the job; 8) lack of training and motivation to learn something new; 9) low quality of performance; 10) inability to balance work and personal responsibilities; 11) inability to get along with workmates; 12) inability to obtain support from colleagues; 13) confusion brought about by restructuring of the organization or anything related to changing of jobs; 14) etc (BUPA’s.. n.p.).

Work-related stress has the following effects and these include the following: “headache, tension, extreme tiredness, sleeping problems, eating problems, increase in heart rate, too much sweating, decreased sex drive, rashes in the skin, blurry vision, infections, hot-tempered, loss of appetite/excessive eating, inability to focus, loss of commitment, loss of motivation for work, etc” (BUPA’s.. n.p.).

Work-related stress may be avoided or addressed through the following: 1) prioritize; 2) make use of time efficiently and wisely; 3) delegate tasks; 4) have a positive outlook on everything thinking that every problem has a solution; 5) take time to relax and enjoy activities that’s interesting; 6) speak to friends or others whom you trust so that some of those negative emotions will get out of one’s chest; 7 etc (BUPA’s.. n.p.).


The factors that may cause miscommunication include the following: First of all, there are some words that do not mean the same to the receiver and the one who is speaking (Arinto 120). Also, written communications may also cause miscommunication especially if the writer fails to establish rapport with the reader (Arinto 120).

These may be avoided through the following: For the first cause mentioned, this may be avoided by carrying out the following: a) rather than using abstract word, concrete words should be used; b) instead of general, be specific; c) instead of complex words, simple words should be utilized; d) instead of passive, words should be active; e) instead of using negative words, positive words should be used, f) short words should be used rather than long ones, g) avoid wordy or unnecessary word, as well, and be concise instead, h) be conversational instead of formal or stiff, and i) be direct instead of going around the bushes (Arinto 120). For the second, it is important to build goodwill (Arinto 120). It can be achieved by: a) adopting a you-attitude, b) positive emphasis in writing, and c) using bias-free language (Arinto).


  • Arinto, Patricia. English for the Professions. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press, 2002.
  • BUPA’s Health Information Team. Stress in the Workplace. 2004. n.a. 12 June 2007
  • Department of Trade and Industry. Widen Your Choice of Employees to Improve Competitiveness. n.d. n.a. 12 June 2007
  • Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Job Satisfaction: Strategies to Make Work More Gratifying. 29 September 2006. n.a. 12 June 2007
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