It had two distinct parts, the first one, Lincoln’s Reconstruction Plan, and the second, Congress’ Reconstruction Plan (Encarta, 2007). The reconstruction legislatures’ important contributions include: 1) setting up of schools; 2) repairing of bridges and roads; 3) rebuilding of bridges; 4) repealing of the Black Codes; 5) setting up of new state constitutions that gave the right for men to vote; and 6) creation of new state constitutions that protected a person from being brought to prison for debt (Encarta, 2007). In addition, the US government also implemented the following methods: 1) imposing high and protected tariffs to protect domestic industry from foreign commodities; 2) encouraging railroad growth, land grants and monetary incentives; 3) pursuing of a business policy technically called laissez-faire or the principle that the economy works best if private industry is not regulated and markets are free; and d) practicing an anti-union policy (Encarta, 2007).
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However, the greatest success of Reconstruction is the fact that readmission to the Union of the Southern states occurred, as well as, the attempt to provide Constitutional and legal status to the “the Negro Freedmen” (Encarta, 2007).
Reconstruction Failed Before but it Laid the Foundations for the Success of the Civil Rights Movement
The Reconstruction was unsuccessful in its goal to place the Freedmen into the legal, political and social system (Encarta, 2007). It was a failure indeed, however, because of it the “Council of Federated Organizations, which is a civil rights group initiated the Freedom Summer which aimed to register black voters” (Pearson.., 2007). In addition to that, the “Reconstruction consequently led to the signing of President Johnson the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which protected people against discrimination of all kinds based on race, color, religion, or natural origin” (Pearson.., 2007).
Encarta. (2007). Reconstruction.
Pearson Education. (2007). Civil Rights Movement Timeline. Retrieved September 15, 2007 from https://www.infoplease.com/spot/civil-rights-timeline
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