Published 14 Dec 2016

Metacognition comes as a center of academic research study by many scholars. It is an important aspect of human cognitive theory that draws a close link on the process of a students knowing who project best learning ingredient. It creates to a learner the best mode of strategies that would provide the most valuable learning skills with which the expertise of learning between different learners can thus are differentiated. By and large, the applicability of metacognition in elementary aged students is critical as a tool that shapes the effects of their learning process. As such a basic tool, it provides persuasive skills that help to promote strategic environment that govern reading for learning process. This is a primary effect that provides content area literacy for aged students.

Through metacognition, aged students are provided with the awareness with which they have within their mental processes. This subsequently configures their ability towards monitoring, regulating and directing themselves towards the desired ends of learning process. His /her demonstration of metacognition is when he/she can appropriately articulate the basic strategies which he/she used in reading and understanding a text. According to scholars, metacognition has been a basic tool with which readers can control and also monitor their status of comprehension about an ongoing reading for learning process, which consequently ignites an adjustment in their prevalent strategies in such reading. This is aimed at providing a maximum status towards comprehension

Conventionally therefore, metacognition can be defined as the knowledge about a persons state of the cognitive process or elsewhere all that could be related to the process. This is what describes the effect with which different aged learners depict pursuit of difference in their learning tasks. Accordingly, different learners in such different ages develop new strategies towards there thinking process. The level of thinking tends to increase in its awareness towards the thinking process as people grow older. It emphasizes the active regulation and monitoring of the learners cognitive process. This process includes language learning, evaluation, planning and problem solving.

Broadly, content area literacy by aged students involves capturing the fundamental aspects of metacognition that would therefore give them an award on appropriate thinking process. This is the engine that drives such aged learners the background environment towards reading for learning. Consequently, metacognition understands the important role played by reading in shaping the modalities of learning. It defines various aspects of reading such as comprehensions, evaluation, problem solving, planning, understanding text language and other various aspects that institute reading as a central pillar learning process. (Cathy, Andrea, 2007)

Generally, reading scores perhaps the most important part towards the learning process. It is an engine that articulates texts and comprehensions into an appropriate manner with which the learner can digest and root out the most important core subject of the text. However, importance should be attached in the reading process so that it can provide the most optimal scale of learning. Usually, this would involve the mental process institution of metacognition, which instruments a potential framework for such a learning process

Preferentially, metacognition offers a widespread domain that comprehends on reading as an important tool in content area literacy for aged learners. The metacognitive processes of reading in such content areas imply the methodologies with which a learner can read and consequently understand his/her reading texts. The characterization of reading texts is both in factual information and multisyllabic words that are technical. This poses the legitimacy of metacognition in content area literacy.

Elsewhere, expository content reading texts are structured in a manner that can be comparative and contrasting, sequencing and causing effect in their learning process. The basic rule of metacognition in the content area learning for aged students that provide a basic tool for reading for learning therefore posits a broad outlay of aspects. Indeed however, the role and influence of metacognition in content area literacy is largely deterministic towards the scope of reading influence on learning (Brenda, 1993)

However, a stylistic process with which the metacognitive skills for use in reading for learning captures a system of methodologies. By and large therefore, the metacognitive process of content area literacy incorporates a persuasive interaction of the learner/readers with the text in all the different levels of the reading processes. A persuasive reading for learning in content area literacy should provide a benchmark process with which the reader draws on his/her prior knowledge, setting the reading purpose and elsewhere anticipates the relevant questions that would rise from the reading process.

The metacognitive process provides legitimate strategies that ensure interactive process to provide the most implicit scope of reading for learning process. At the reading process, the learner uses strategies for word identification, which includes syllabication and structural analysis. This helps in decoding context clues and multisyllabic words for configuring out the various meanings allied to technical terms. It should involve reading between text lines and draw the most appropriate inferences. Reflection is what comes after reading which helps in synthesizing various ideas got from different sources which would help to give further interpretations. (Zhiui, Beverly, 1999)

Through metacognition processes, the reader draws the needs and abilities within the text. For factual content area literacy, metacognition provides three levels that are basic instruments in providing the most appropriate state of reading for learning in aged learners. At the first level, a learner should read and adequately understand the basic factual information held by the reading text. Secondly is the inferential state with which he/she would read between text lines which helps in bringing sense in the ideas by connecting his or her knowledge and the experiences learnt in the past. Thirdly, an evaluation of the information learnt is done to help form and draw relevant conclusions that would consequently help him /her to develop viewpoints on the basis of this information (Timothy, Bernett, 2002)

Metacognition therefore provides the basic strategies for content area literacy in aged learners. However, the role of the teacher in giving instructions towards these strategies provides significant influences through training for conventional instructions. The metacognitive process therefore draws different approaches, which a good reader uses in reading actual texts. It provides strategies such as questioning inferring, connections, visualizing, synthesizing determine importance and evaluating towards text meaning. Generally therefore, metacognition in context area studies provide two processes that occur simultaneously.

These are giving a substantial state of progress monitoring in the learning process as well as adapting and making new changes that suit optimally your reading strategies. Metacognition in this perspective therefore drills for self-responsibility in reading for learning, self-reflection, goal setting, initiative and management of a reader’s /learner’s time. Such metacognition skills would therefore capture the variables that govern conscious control in the learning process, selecting strategies and planning, monitoring the learning progress, analyzing learning effectiveness, correcting errors and behavior (Brenda, 1993)

The structural development of successful learning through metacognition strategies for content area literacy therefore captures various aspects. At one level, it seeks to dig for the goals of the learner in the reading process. This is synonymous to the level of motivation towards attaining such goals. Elsewhere, it gives a pre-conception of what a learner could already know about the same area of study. This is through an assessment of the prior knowledge that could be held by him/her about the specific text of study. Consequently, a learner approximates the most optimal number he/she should allocate time schedule and priorities. A learner also has to work out the most rational strategies which can be used in the study process for the best score in the tested exams.

Summarily therefore, the importance of metacognitive strategies in content area literacy for aged learners remains implicit. This is because the more skills towards metacognitive strategies provide them with presumptive confidence that make them in being more independent in the learning process. Such learning independence implies self ownership in the learners learning process in realizing the intellectual capacities. Metacognitive skills are what provide learners with the capabilities of becoming good learners. Consequently, the learners are provided with the most factual methodologies for cultivating, exploiting and enhancing a self-driven learning process that bears more reading for learning results in content area literacy


  • Brenda, A & Eleanor, A (1993) Construct Validation of Metacognition. Journal of Psychology, Vol.42
  • Cathy , B & Andrea, W (2007) Enhancing Content Literacy in Physical Education. Journal of Physical Education Vol.72
  • Timothy, J & Barnett, S (2002) Applied Metacognition. Cambridge University Press
  • Zhiui, F & Baverley, E (1999) Emergent Metacognition: A Study of Prescholar’s Literate Behavior. Journal of Research in Childhood Education, Vol.13
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