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Global warming continues to be an issue of major concern over planet earth with the world’s scientists relentlessly searching on how the phenomenon can be fought.
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Global warming refers to rising temperatures over the globe, which is as a result of use of non-renewable sources of energy and other sources of gas, which trap heat. The increased temperatures result into change in weather patterns consequently resulting to rapid climate changes. These climate changes comprise of high temperatures across the globe which increase at a very fast rate. Temperatures have risen across the globe since the industrial revolution in the 19th century. (Stephen, 17).
Global warming is one of the greatest environment, social as well as economic threat facing the globe. The complexity and depth of the international collective response to the problem makes it a great challenge to the international cooperation. The complexity arises because of absence of equal impacts, costs as well as benefits of action against global warming across borders. More complexity is because of lack of supra-national authority in the areas affected by climate changes to provide coercive sanctions.
Perception of benefits by nations therefore is vital to cooperation and expression of a willingness to participate in international treaties or other arrangements and sharing a common vision of responsible behavior. Mutual self-interest, recognition of shared threat and leadership by a dominant group is the likely driving forces of a collective action against global warming. People across the globe feel that they are suffering because of a few people who think that they hold the world’s economies thus strive to sustain their position as the superpowers
Global warming affects planet earth by disrupting the weather patterns across the globe. Various regions of the planet have a certain climate. For instance, the coastal areas are normally warm as well as humid while the sub-Saharan Africa is normally hot as well as dry. Global warming results into increased temperatures due to increased heat trapped in gases in various parts of the globe. Consequently, these results into permanent climatical changes as well as weather patterns since past research show that, temperatures will continue to rise. Thus, global warming disrupts climatical as well as weather patterns on the globe. Thus, one of the major effects of global warming is its effects on the weather as well as climate. (Aaron & Chubb, 42).
Global warming has some adverse effects to nature. Continued rise in temperatures resulting into permanent climatical changes will affect the nature of the planet. Global warming has disrupted climates in mountains. Mountainous regions have vegetation especially trees. These trees can only survive in certain temperatures. This may lead to poor growth and development of the rainforests. Thus, natures in mountain can be affected by global warming. Mountainous regions comprise of a biopersity of natural phenomenon. For instance, trees, vegetation and microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses as well as fungi. These living things can only survive in specific temperatures and failure to sustain such temperatures may result into extinction of the organisms. (Dornbusch and Poterba, 107).
Global warming has also had some adverse effects to people’s lives. For instance, heat storms killed thousands of people in Europe. In Florida as well as the Caribbean regions various forms of hurricanes swept across the country some months ago leaving many people homeless. These hurricanes lasted for more than a month which devastated many, injuring and killing some. Intense storms prevalent in the Western Pacific Ocean have threatened many a lives. In addition, there has been a continued drought in the United Kingdom which is as a result of global warming. (Bernarde, 13).
The globe’s temperatures rise degree by degree as well as this increases effects to natural resources. Living things on the globe are affected. For instance, extinction of trees as well as other organic materials in United States of America soil has consequently led to increased drought. Plants, which cannot adapt to the climatical changes, have become extinct leading to deforestation, which has caused droughts in these affected areas. (Harris, 41).
Global warming has also led to rising sea levels in coastal towns. This is as a result of ocean’s habitats like whales, fish, crocodiles and so many others. Adjusting to the drastic climatical as well as weather conditions. This has led to the rise in sea level over the globe. For instance, over the last decade, the global sea level rose by about an inch and a quarter. Storms have also become very strong and this has led to storms like Katrinas as well as the Tsunami (David, 19). For instance, in 2003, 35,000 people perished in heat waves in Europe. (Leroux, 95). In the Atlantic as well as the Greenland areas, ice has been reported to be melting faster due to increased temperatures.
In Greenland, layers of ice and piled up for thousands of years. Due to climatic changes, the layers of ice have gradually begun to break up and melt. When they do so, they fall into the ocean thus affecting the habitats of the oceans as well as raising the sea levels. For instance, in Greenland, global warming has led to fears that there is an embedding danger of one of its ice sheets, which is rated among the worlds biggest, splitting apart as well as finding its way into the ocean. This way it will be a major catastrophe for the planet. Researchers predict that when the ice sheet falls, the planet’s sea level is expected to rise by 23 feet. (North, 211).
Global warming can be fought in a number of ways. The most effective way in which global warming can be fought is by looking at its causes, which include; the economic, environmental as well as political factors which contribute to its increase. There have emerged several schools of thought that aim to address the issue of global warming and the possible solutions across the globe. These schools of thought are categorized as; capitalistic on one extreme and socialistic in the other extreme and in the middle between the two there also exists a democratic model. Capitalist models of inpidual nations are the role contributors to global warming due to their profit motives.
The socialist component remains essential in understanding of the various communities can fit together in offsetting climate change and satisfies the environment requirements that are global. Democratic approach in the planning is essential to allow for popular control at the region as well as at local levels. Full popular participation with people working through units to which they naturally belong is the essence of democracy in the conversion planning process. Levels beyond and within the interests of capitalism are achievable when socialistic framework is used to deal head on, with sources of the largest scale and most severe environmental destruction. (Uzawa, 2003).
Although socialism is all too obviously no guarantee that immediate goals will not obstruct ecological wisdom, it does practically eliminate vested economic interests in perpetuating harmful practices. Therefore a debate over technological directions is only an argument, a confrontation of opposing beliefs but not a confrontation of opposing interests. The Struggle for Ecological Agriculture in Cuba’, Capitalism, Nature, Socialism, No.5 p.140].
For most countries subjected to economic colonies, to capitalism’s most severe environmental abuses, any reduction of the capitalist presence offers great scope for improvement. To achieve success in the fight against global warming, it is important to balance between the capitalistic model and the socialistic model, which is achievable through harmonization of the two into the democratic model. (North, 66).
In conclusion, it is evident from the discussion above that global warming has affected our planet adversely and will continue to do so. Rising temperatures as well as varying climatical changes are being experienced in various regions across the globe. Global warming should therefore be considered as a global disaster whose effects as well as consequences cannot be handled.
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