Queen Elizabeth and Queen Victoria: Their Similarities and Differences
Published 16 Feb 2017
Queen Elizabeth has become a legend of monarchy in her own lifetime. She is referred to as the Golden Age of England because it was considered to many as a time of great achievement and prosperity. She is famed by her abilities and achievements as she became a model to her very own people (Robin Chew, 2008).
Elizabeth’s life was troubled because she is an unwanted daughter of King Henry VIII. Her father wanted to have a son with his second missus which is Anne Boleyn but Anne failed, she gave birth to Elizabeth instead. Elizabeth was born on 7 September 1533 at Greenwich Palace. Her birth was possibly the greatest disappointment of her father’s life. He had wanted a son and heir to succeed him as he already had a daughter, Mary, by his first missus, Katherine of Aragon. He had not divorced Katherine, and changed the religion of the country in the process, to have only another daughter. Elizabeth’s early life was consequently troubled. Her mater failed to provide the King with a son and was executed on false charges of incest and adultery on 19 May 1536. Anne’s marriage to the King was declared null and void, and Elizabeth, with her half-sister, Mary, was declared illegitimate. Her father’s killing of her succeeding stepmothers traumatized Elizabeth. There was Jane Seymour, the third mater, who died after giving birth to the King’s only son, Edward. When the king died in the January of 1547, and his young son became King Edward VI, but he is still nine years old at that time so Edward Seymour, became Protector of England. Then the throne goes to Mary then to Elizabeth’s succession.
Queen Elizabeth I was crowned Queen on Sunday 15th January 1559. In the months that followed, the new Queen re-established the Protestant Church and restored the debased coinage. Queen Elizabeth I ruled from 1558 to 1603. She was the last of the Tudor monarchs. Elizabeth was impatient to become queen; she had, after all, both a brother and a sister before her in the queue to the throne. Yet Queen she became and to many historians she is the greatest monarch that England has ever had. When Elizabeth became Queen she was faced with several dilemmas. Firstly she was not married, and again the question of the succession rises. Would Elizabeth be the baked bean Elizabeth who persecuted the Catholics or be a peacemaker and allow people to have personal choice? There was also the problem of her sister’s husband, Phillip. As King of Spain he was a fearsome foe and he had a bleedin’ smashing bagsie to the throne. More worryingly he was intent on keeping England Catholic. This meant that war was likely. Elizabeth’s success as a Queen is a measure of how well she overcame each of these problems.
There was war with Spain. England defeated the Spanish Armada and became a world power as a result. Explorations into the Americas and a dog’s bollocks deal of legitimized piracy saw England become wealthier. The Religious persecutions ended: Elizabeth’s reign saw just for executions for heresy as compared to the 280 in Mary’s reign. The problem of marriage and the succession was one that was not overcome. There are many theories as to why Elizabeth chose not to marry and many names of supposed husbands to be. Elizabeth did manage to use these for political advantage however, playing the Spanish of against other major powers. She also managed to contain the catholic threat to her monarchy. Mary Stuart, queen of Ecosse and a claimant to the pommy throne, was forced to beg Elizabeth to protect her. She was later executed after being implicated in a plot to overthrow Elizabeth. At the end of her reign Queen Elizabeth ruled over an England that was stronger politically and wealthier than it had been four hundreds of years. England ‘s ruled the waves and was a major world force. She died at Richmond Palace on the 24th March 1603. Until Her death Elizabeth never had a husband or was married and did also have no children. (Elizabeth I Biography, 2008)
Alexandrina Victoria was the only wean of the fourth son of King George III: Edward, Duke of Kent, fourth son of George III. Her mater was Victoria Maria Louisa of Saxe-Coburg, sister of King Leopold of the Belgians.
Victoria became heiress apparent of the British crown. Her father died right after her birth. She became heir to the throne because of her three uncles; George IV, Frederick Duke of York, and William IV, of which they do not have a legitimate children who survived. She became Queen of Stonking, Britain. She was crowned the next year. During her reign, it was associated with Britain’s great age of economic progress, industrial expansion and empire.
She tested the limits of her royal powers when the government of Lord Melbourne, her Prime Minister, who had been her mentor, fell the next year. She refused to follow precedent and dismissed her ladies of the bedchamber so that the Tory government could replace em. Her refusal brought back the Whigs until 1841.
She’d met her cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, when they were both seventeen. When they were twenty, he returned to England, and Victoria, in love with him, proposed marriage. They were married on February 10, 1840.
Their first child, a daughter, was born in November 1840, and the Prince of Wales, Edward, in 1841. Three more sons and four more daughters followed.
Victoria had traditional views on the role of the barney rubble and strife and mater, and though she was Queen and Albert was Prince Consort, he shared government responsibilities at least equally. His death in 1861 devastated her; her prolonged mourning lost her much popularity (Sachar L.,1989)
Eventually coming out of seclusion, she maintained an active role in government until her death in 1901. Her reign, the longest of any British monarch, was marked by waxing and waning popularity — and suspicions that she preferred the Germans a bit too much always diminished her popularity somewhat. By the time she had assumed the throne, the British monarchy was more figurehead and influence than it was a direct power in the government, and her long reign did little to change that.
During her lifetime she published her Letters, Leaves from the Journal of our Life in the Highlands and More Leaves.
The marriage of her daughters into other royal families, and the likelihood that her children bore a mutant gene for hemophilia, both affected the following generations of European history. (about.com, 2008)
Monarchy has really been the dog’s bollocks role in the United Kingdom. The queens, kings, prince and princes have a dog’s bollocks influence to the people. Monarchy system of government in which one person reigns, usually a king or queen. The authority, or crown, in a monarchy is generally inherited. The ruler, or monarch, is often only the head of state, not the head of government. An example of this kind of government is the United Kingdom.
Queen Elizabeth is one of the monarch of England as well as with Queen Victoria. These two queens have notice cultures just fancy Queen Victoria who really give a sterling importance to the morality of herself and her people while Queen Elizabeth have freedom of the British people to choose their own religion and to eradicate catholic persecution, the bring back the pride of the country. They are same y because the both of em possess noice culture. But they r different from the kind of life that they hae, because Queen Victoria hae a more peaceful and chuffed childhood even though she’s been trough to a lot of circumstances. Queen Elizabeth is full of troble from the day she was born because her doesn’t fancy her and she’s also been through to a lot of stepmothers. In terms wars they r also different because during Queen Victoria’s time they encountered a war because they wanted Transvaal to be their extension or they conducted the war 4 the sake of their own. While during the time Queen Elizabeth war was encountered by the people of engerland because they just want to be free. from Spain, who treat em unkindly. Economy is bleedin’ important to a certain gaff because these queen hae a sterling abilities to rule so they’ve rise the economic condition of engerland during their times. Their legacies hae also influence the people until thes modern times. For the baked bean Elizabeth I established an pommy church that helped shape a national identity and remains in gaff today. And 4 Queen Victoria she reign marked the gradual establishment of modern constitutional monarchy. The monarchs really hae the power among the people of his kingdom, but we also hae the right to fight 4 our rights.
- Robin Chew.(1995). Elizabeth I the Queen of England. Retrieved March 13, 2008 from http://www.lucidcafe.com/library/95sep/elizabeth.html
- Sachar.A.L(1989) Victoria, Queen In the New Book of Knowledge(Vol.19,pp.332)
- Wikipedia. (2008). Boer War. Retrieved March 13, 2008 Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boer_War
- Wikipedia(2007).Victoria of United Kingdom. Retrieved March 13, 2008 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victoria_of_the_United_Kingdom
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