Social changes during late 19th century

Published 07 Sep 2017

The latter part of the 19th century was a witness to several important social changes worldwide. Among them, the two most significant and notable conveyors of global social or cultural changes were the Industrial Revolution that began in the United States and which spread worldwide, as well as its offshoot development, which is the introduction and increased demand of machinery to the labor force. The latter, in turn, vitalized the women’s crusade mostly in Europe.

The Industrial Revolution has greatly caused the United States to shift from being a rural or agricultural country into a booming urban nation. Consequently, this social change resulted into an accumulation of more wealth or start of a more stable financial condition among Americans and eventually of the other people in some parts of the world. The 19th century Industrial Revolution was likewise regarded as the golden era of great inventions. This is because a lot of innovations which eventually became inherent components of today’s lives are attributed during the period. In fact, it is because of the many new creations which flourished in the market that people around the world have enriched themselves. Some of the notable of the indicators of the Industrial Revolution were the development in the various industries and technological improvements such as in textiles, railroads and steamships as well as several social implications in the lives of workers and transition from rural to urban (Halsall, 2007).

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Immense wealth was not the only indicator of social change during the same period. It is also the period that draws the line and differentiated the male and female block of the work force. It is when the emerging power of the female population was recognized as they entered the labor sector. This second change disputed the conventional role or function of women at their respective families and houses. However, the financial and social liberations of women during this period enabled them to acquire more authority and respect in the society. The capitalists then became concerned with the implications of recognizing women’s labor function and promoting their liberty, but at the same time could not dismiss that such social change brought benefits to the economy (Sepehrrad). Despite of the usual reactions to such changes, the above-cited changes, therefore, proved to be critically important and beneficial to both the economic and cultural aspects of the leading countries during the late period of the 19th century


  • Halsall, P. (2007). Industrial Revolution. Modern History Source Book. Retrieved June 6, 2008 from Fordham University database.
  • Sepehrrad, R. Women role in popular movements during Qajar dynasty. National Committee of Women for a Democratic Iran. Retrieved June 6, 2008 from NCWDI database.
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