What is actually the definition of truth? I have come across this question countless of times in my life. When I was young, I would hear grownups argue about it. When I started school, my teacher/s would reiterate that it is important that truth be told every time. When I attended college, we would also discuss this in philosophy class or when hanging out with friends. But, what is it actually?
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The truth is that, “the truth describes the way the world is” (Rosen, n.d., n.p.). This means that the truth is an articulation of an individual’s comprehension of the world according to his or her experiences of how the world actually goes (Rosen, n.d., n.p.). It may be described by arguing the following:
First of all is by looking into the “subjective truth versus the objective truth”, which means that the truth may be realized if individuals were to base it upon emotions or subjectivity as against the rationale of the faculty of the mind or what is technically referred to as the truth (Rosen, n.d., n.p.). For example, one may say, ‘the truth is that I really feel that I love him’; this statement is the subjective truth, since it is true based on the person’s current emotion (Rosen, n.d., n.p.). The same is true when a person says, ‘the truth is that I think I already love him because of what he has shown me in the past few days’; this statement is the objective truth since it is based upon the person’s thoughts (Rosen, n.d., n.p.).
Second is by disputing “relative and absolute truth” (Rosen, n.d., n.p.). When one says, ‘it is relatively true’ then the statement does not actually exhibit the truth since it signifies that it is not completely true (Rosen, n.d., n.p.).
It becomes even more obvious that that is not the truth if one is to put that definition against the statement, ‘it is the absolute truth’ since it suggests the complete truth (Rosen, n.d., n.p.).
Third is by scrutinizing what is provable and what is improvable (Rosen, n.d., n.p.). For example, if one says, ‘the world is flat’, one should not regard this as the truth not until he or she has proven this (Rosen, n.d., n.p.). If it is improvable then it can never be declared as ‘truth’ (Rosen, n.d., n.p.).
Fourth is by examination, meaning is the stated truth testable or not (Rosen, n.d., n.p.)? Just like in countless experiments of experts, they never conclude that such is the truth unless they have already tested it (Rosen, n.d., n.p.). For example, if a scientist says that ‘feeding bottles are cancerous’, such cannot actually be regarded as the truth if the scientist have not actually tested his theory/assumption (Rosen, n.d., n.p.). He would either test this experiment of his or her on certain animals or observe human beings as his or her subject (Rosen, n.d., n.p.).
Fifth is by checking if it is evidenced-based or just faith-based (Rosen, n.d., n.p.). See, there are actually some people who are blinded by faith and so they regard some statements as truth basing only from their faith even if it is not backed up by evidence (Rosen, n.d., n.p.). For example, merely stating that there exists a God because I know so or because I feel so is only relatively true; however, if one says that there exists a God because He performed a miracle on me, He saved my life, etcetera then it may be said that such statement is an absolute truth because it is actually evidenced-based.
Last but not least is by verifying it through experience (Rosen, n.d., n.p.). Is it “experienceable or non-experienceable” (Rosen, n.d., n.p.). If it cannot actually be experienced then it does not signify that it is actually the truth (Rosen, n.d., n.p.). For example, if one says ‘love hurts’, this statement can never be true unless an experience verifies so (Rosen, n.d., n.p.).
On a final note, it may be complicated to define the truth (Rosen, n.d., n.p.). However, there are ways on how to actually check/verify it (Rosen, n.d., n.p.). It is the truth if it is “objective, absolute, provable, testable, evidenced-based, as well as, experienceable” (Rosen, n.d., n.p.).
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