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Human Diversity

20 Dec 2016Psychology Essays

Human persity is often associated with differences between people, and is oftentimes accounted for the oppression and injustice that is happening in our society today. This becomes a basis of judging person’s character, depending on the group of people that they belong. The different characters include a person’s race, nationality, culture or ethnicity, gender, social class, sexual preference, religion and more. But these traits are just superficial, and are not very significant regarding the topic of human persity. There are a lot of other differences that can be considered and these traits are far more important in gaining knowledge regarding the concept of human persity.

The matter that we should consider important regarding this topic should be related to a person’s growth and character development. This includes his personality, preference, interests, needs, abilities, skills and capabilities, ideas and more. The person’s differences should not lead to disparity between other groups of people, thus it should be seen or be recognized as a unique character, a source of inpiduality and not of indifference. People should be able to live with these differences rather than fighting each other asserting that one is superior or inferior to the other. Coping with the presence of other different culture is an important matter that people should consider.

Although there are really unique qualities or differences between other people, it should be respected, as well as expecting others to respect one’s differences also ("Race - the Power of an Illusion"). Instead of finding faults from other’s difference, people should consider how they will be able to make use of these differences. They should learn from each others different characteristics rather than asserting what you believed is ultimately what others should believe also, and that differences of people would surely lead to hostility and misunderstandings. This is the full realization of these differences: being to live with other person who possesses different characteristics.

The human race

The human race is a term that is used to describe various populations or groups of people which are distinguished by various sets of characteristics and beliefs, and comes from the same ancestors. Usually, the human race is based on what seem to be are visible characteristics or traits of people like their skin color, hair color, or facial structure and features. According to Barbujani, “…in classical human genetic or physical anthropology textbooks, races are envisaged as large populations of inpiduals who evolved together, share a significant fraction of their genes, hence can be distinguished from other races by their gene pool or by different alleles fixed in each (Barbujani).” These races are clearly separated or delineated by various borders related to variations which are biological.

There are various ways that leads to the occurrence of these races. One of these ways is when reproductive barriers form because of isolation; genetic drift and internal variations when alleles which are lost are haven’t been able to be introduced by the gene flow. This leads to the pergence of the different groups, wherein different alleles becomes lost inside each groups, which results to mutations occurring in the groups. Because of pergence, groups will soon develop and be able to generate several genetic discontinuities, thus creating boundaries between the various groups of people. Another way to create variations is when different groups on the other hand converge with each other, thus recombining various genes. These results to exchanging important or substantial amount of difference in the gene flow of these groups (Barbujani).

Classifying people

There are various types and characteristics if human beings. They have no definite size or shape, and that when you classify them into groups; it is inevitable to consider their social status, their cultural ideas, and political priorities. According to Bulbeck, et al, “from early historical times, people of widely perse origins were brought together through trade and conquest (Bulbeck, Raghavan and Rayner).” There were various schemes that have been used to characterize human beings before, and it was more on the physical basis. The most common way was to classify skin color of people, but eventually, early European scholars devised a way on how to formalize the taxonomies of the human races. Later in the twentieth century, people have recognized a way in order to determine ones race, and it was more on the physical anthropology concept. Because of this, several themes have emerged, thus leading to variations on making certain classifications of the human race.

These themes are summarized as follows: the integration of a broad array of biological indicators, approaches on the clinical patterns which concerns human variation, the packaging of various indigenous human variations on continuous blocs concerning geography, and the search for the fossil records of the ancestors of these races (Yotova). In the late 20th century, researchers were able to devise a more refined knowledge of human variation, genes and studies about genetics, and the fossil records. This had led to pisions in the different perceptions of humanity in these various races (Bulbeck, Raghavan and Rayner).

In order to categorize the different types of human beings, there are various concerns that need to be considered. Different people fall in different groups as one change the criteria of the classification, that’s why we should stick in one criteria rather than changing it constantly (Mamiya). When it comes to biology, people doesn’t necessarily inherit a trait, instead he gets it independently. A specific trait of a person doesn’t tell what kind of person he is as a whole. When putting this in the context of race characteristics, a trait shown by a single entity doesn’t generally mean that all the members of the population should follow.

Another is to point that classification of a person is more in a cultural sense than scientific. He is classified not because of his genes, his gene pool, or any other biological concern. It is more of a culture-based classifier, wherein it includes his social status, character, and more ("Race - the Power of an Illusion"). Also, there are a lot of loopholes or gaps between various groups of people. There is no single, unifying gene that would signify that person’s race from another. This is accounted for by the nature of classification of people as more of the cultural alignment than biological or scientific. Categories are more socially constructed, thus there are a lot of inconsistencies in these various groups defined.

Summary

In today’s society, there are a lot of different groups of people living together. Cultural disparities between these groups cannot be avoided, but still they are regarded as an important aspect of the society. There are various factors that led to the occurrence of these groups. The persity in human beings proves to be of great importance in today’s world since it is a means of sharing of knowledge from one culture to another. Interactions between these cultures mean enriching the minds of the people, and adding more persity on our already-perse society.

References:

  • Barbujani, Guido. "Human Races: Classifying People Vs. Understanding persity." Current Genomics Vol. 6.Issue 4 (2005): p215-26, 12p.
  • Bulbeck, David, Pathmanathan Raghavan, and Daniel Rayner. "Races of Homo Sapiens: If Not in the Southwest Pacific, Then Nowhere." World Archaeology Vol. 38. Issue 1 (2006): p109-32, 24p.
  • "Race - the Power of an Illusion". 2006. California Newreel. April 24 2007. <http://www.pbs.org/race/000_General/000_00-Home.htm>.
  • Mamiya, L. H. "Being Human: Race, Culture, and Religion." Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries Vol. 43.Issue 7 (2006): p1243-44, 2p.
  • Yotova, Vania, et al. "Haplotypes in the Dystrophin DNA Segment Point to a Mosaic Origin of Modern Human persity." American Journal of Human Genetics Vol. 73.Issue 5 (2003): p994-1015, 22p.

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