Back to all posts Education and science

Maslow Theory

by Expert Leah. | 13 Dec 2016

Abraham Maslow developed a theory termed as Maslow’s theory of the hierarchy of needs. The development of this theory was based on the study of both behavior and psychoanalytic psychology. He said that human behavior is not only controlled by internal or external forces but also by psychology. He therefore came up with a theory termed as humanistic psychology. This theory was based on the fact that human behavior is controlled by both physiological and psychological needs that do not change and are similar origin based on their culture and origin. These needs that were described as hierarchical in their nature were then classified as ‘basic needs’. The basic needs are low in hierarchy. The other needs that were high in hierarchy were classified as ‘growth needs’.

Need essay sample on

"Maslow Theory" topic?

We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you

Proceed

According to this theory, Maslow said that each person must first satisfy basic needs that are on the low level before satisfying basic needs that are on the high level. Basic needs that are on the low level are derived from one’s instincts such as the need for food, water safety and shelter. The other basic needs that are on the high level such as spirituality, understanding and aesthetics are then satisfied later. Maslow defined the needs that are on the highest level in hierarchy as ‘self actualization’. These needs could only be attained when all the other needs below it are met.

Maslow began his theoretical work in 1951 at the Brandeis where he was serving as the chairman of the psychological department where he began crusading for humanistic psychology. People like Rodgers, Mook (1987) and Heylighen (1992) helped him develop this theory by studying the prisoners of Nazi. These people questioned the order of these needs. In conclusion, Maslow came up with a model of the hierarchy of needs which was as follows; psychological (food, water, warmth, shelter), safety (security, freedom from fear, stability), belonging-love (family, friends, spouse), self –esteem (recognition, respect, achievement), and self-actualization (fulfillment, creativity, pursuing inner talent)

Reference

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Retrieved on 28th October 2008

Learn more:
Mass Society Theory Media Reporting of Geography Metacognition

Do You need a paper on this topic?

Order Your Essay
Writer avatar

Dr.Grayson

№20 In global rating

235

finished papers

187

customer reviews

98%

success rate

1569

finished papers

1100

customer reviews

99%

success rate

Writer avatar

Prof_Maggy

№6 In global rating

225

finished papers

165

customer reviews

99%

success rate

Writer avatar

Prime-writer PhD

№4 In global rating

723

finished papers

510

customer reviews

98%

success rate

Writer avatar

Titan-Essays

№5 In global rating

32

finished papers

25

customer reviews

100%

success rate

Writer avatar

Prof.Lily

№20 In global rating

298

finished papers

219

customer reviews

99%

success rate

530

finished papers

414

customer reviews

99%

success rate

68

finished papers

53

customer reviews

100%

success rate

44

finished papers

35

customer reviews

100%

success rate

Writer avatar

Prof.Laura

№5 In global rating

200

finished papers

154

customer reviews

98%

success rate

Order your paper now!

I need
My email
By clicking “Continue”, you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We’ll occasionally send you promo and account related emails.

EssayLab Reviews

  • Jason (student)

    I asked Essay Lab to write an essay for me and received paper the next day after I ordered it! Thank you!

  • Kimberly (student)

    Awesome WORK! If I ever need to write my essay – I will use only EssayLab!

  • Matt (student)

    These people are lifesavers! Just ask – “write me an essay” and they will start right away!

Support contacts

[email protected]