Saudi Arabi Government
Published 05 Jan 2017
A government can be referred to an organization that has law or authority over the land of its inhabitants. It has the power to make rules and laws that are supposed to lead its people.
Different types of governments exist in the world that rule over their people and have also formed their democratic boundaries. Anarchy, representative democracy and socialist dictatorship are among the governments that are in existence in our vast world.
In choosing the best type of government for Saudi Arabia which is basically a Muslim state, a representative democracy would be the suitable one to bring to gradually bring to the autocratic leadership that has been there for ages.
In differentiating this, a comparison with the other forms of government is important to realize the benefits of the democratic government as opposed to one such as an anarchist or dictatorship one.
An anarchist government has no mandate to any one. The people are liberal and do not have to be answerable to any one as no form of authority exists. There is no guided rules on the land that exhibits a lawless people, meaning disorder is inevitable.
This type of government that disowns authoritarian rule in pursuance of freedom depends on inpidual morality to build the nation. The only advantage of this society is that the people are not guided by rules imposed on them but on their own free will. This in other sense is seen as a disadvantage because morals can not be built on unchecked behaviors, and this type of government is often characterized by high levels of insecurity and infighting due to different demands of groups of people as the way best o develop.
An example of this type of government is Somalia since 1991 when Siad Barre’s authority as president over the country failed and led to a crumble in the legal system.
The socialist dictatorship government is not also a favorable one for a nation such as Saudi Arabia since the nation is led by one or a group who people who have their own interests at heart and not that of the people they serve. This type of government that can also be described as autocratic is distinguished from others due to the hold of political mightiness by single inpidual(s) over long periods. Manipulation of laws in their favor is forced so as to keep them in authority. This consequently leads to corrupt governments full of greed which can be exemplified in the Russian czars who were living in palaces made of gold while the Russian peasants would wallow with hunger in the streets.
In addition, dictatorial governments do not receive accurate information and blunders are often implemented that hurt the nation. (Kangas S, 1996)
On the other hand, a democratic government which would be recommended for Saudi Arabia is one governed indirectly by the people of the land. This type of government is the best contrary to the rest because there is equitable share of power to manage the state resources. The universally recognized freedoms as well as liberties are excreted justifiably among all the citizens.
Furthermore, freedom to speak ones mind is tolerated as well as equal and fair representation on law.
In reference to maintaining a democratic government in Saudi Arabia, laws would be developed to ensure equitable share of the state’s resources as a persion from this will lead to polarization of the country and lead to fights that end up destroying the creditability of this form of governance.
The important laws that should be put in place to ensure development of a democracy in Saudi Arabia would have to start with the basic law that makes the state to be observed as authority. A violation of this law would be termed treason and the violator would be subjected to prosecution through imprisonment. The laws that would come in would include:
- Laws on labor
- Laws on land and its ownership
- Laws on the general security services
- Laws on protection and preservation of holy sites
- Laws on prohibition of money laundering
- Laws on companies
- Laws on international relations
- Basic law on the government functions and laws on the right to life.
Their utter violation would be fostered by imprisonment as well as fines.
The basic and most important rights for the public would be conveyed, namely:
- Everybody should have the right to life in secure and conducive surroundings.
- Nobody should be treated as if he/she is a slave.
- Nobody should be put to torture of any means.
- Everyone has the primary right to file a suit for violations done to him or her.
- No one shall be put into police custody for no apparent reason.
- Every inpidual has the right to move to anywhere he or she likes.
- Everyone should be obliged to be a citizen of a given state.
- Everyone would have the right to his or her own privacy where place he/she is in.
- No one would be denied his/her property that he/she lawfully owns.
- Everybody would have education if so wished.
(General Assembly of the UN, 1984)
These rights will be categorically stated and lawfully written for they are universally welcomed.
A court system would be put in place to ensure the right of free hearing from an impartial law tribunal. However, to encompass the long practiced Sharia law, state judges would be put in different positions to enable the evolution of a democratic judicial system.
The criminal court will contain a prosecutor and a lawyer for the accused would be included. Prosecution in form of fines would be awarded and in other cases bail would be issued as investigations coupled with court hearings continue. Plea bargains would also be constituted to hasten settlement of cases. The grand jury will be involved in pre and post trial motions that will succeed sentencing.
Appeals would also be agreed upon if the outcomes of the sentencing are not accepted.
(Slapper G., Slapper K., Kelly D., 2006)
A centralized police system would be introduced that would spread from the national level, state, federal and municipal levels. The importance of the police system would be to curb crime. This will encompass enforcement agencies, police departments, special branch police agencies, sheriff’s departments and municipal police departments.
There would be a correctional system that will have prisons. The importance of prisons is to create a general feeling of safety for the public since the criminals are securely locked away somewhere. The correctional system would help in rehabilitating offenders before they get back to the general public in a safe and organized manner. The prisoners will be given rights so that they are not violated when they are serving their time.
A Saudi Arabian democratic government would be the best option in eliminating dictatorial leadership more especially in this Muslim states. If accepted well, then it might even see all the other Islamic States following suit. However, this is a sensitive strategy as the autocratic Islamic governance has existed for long and embodied well in the culture of the people. Here a careful approach should be thought of that should not be accompanied by imposition of this form of governance.
If the people feel that this is an infringement of what they have known and continue to practice, resentment will be directed to this system as it will be considered an indirect way of colonizing the Islamic world from the centaury of practices passed on from generation to generation.
- Slapper G., Slapper K., Kelly D., (2006). The English Legal System. Edition: 6. Routledge Cavendish.
- Kangas S, (1996). In Defense of Democratic Government. Retrieved on 18th April 2009.
- General Assembly of the United Nations, (1984). The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Retrieved on 18th April 2009