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Contemporary issues on interior and exterior space
Every building has different interior and exterior structural elements which have different meanings thus giving the building very unique characteristics. The external and internal elements have very different meanings when it comes to the application and functionality of the building. Despite the differences in meanings, both the external and internal elements of a building structure are closely related and they collaborate with one another to give the building exclusive feature. This can be well likened to the way structure of the body of human beings. By contemporary we mean the current factors, issue and subject that are being discussed. There are many current issues concerning the interior and the external elements of a building and how they relate to each other. All human beings need a place and building to dwell in. The design interface normally helps to create the exterior and interior space relationship. Many questions have come up on how it is possible to create the relationship that exists between the interior and the exterior in terms of the space of any building structure. Therefore, this paper is going to discuss and express all the contemporary subjects and issues that bring about the relationship between the interior and the exterior elements of a building relating to the interaction and inhabitation.
Moreover, these two elements can be separated in designing the buildings. The interior part is normally considered and termed as the personality which is covered by the face so as to provide and ensure the privacy and the security of the owner (Brooker 35). The exterior part is also known as the façade. As part of the building, the façade plays the role of the face or the mask in the body of humans.
However, one of the current subjects concerning the interior and exterior elements of a house is the interface of the architecture that is between the inside and outside of the building structure. This is the terminology of space (Brooker 35). The terminology can be translated as the transition of the space between the public and the private or the change from the urban space of the public to space of private. The relationship between the exterior space and the interior space of the building is done with the help of design phase. However, there are physiological and the physical effects to those who use the building relating to the barriers that affect the environment externally build by the architecture.
Moreover, transparency is one of the contemporary issues in the area of architecture about the relationship that exists between the external and the internal elements of any building in space. In the environment of building, transparency can be defined as the degree to which a person can be able to see past the edge of a given element (Lasc et al 44). Under transparency, the building has two separate faces: the two faces consist of the face that faces inside and the face that do turn outside. The skin or the façade is identified and considered to be the barrier between the two faces. In addition, the skin connects the inner space to the outside world. The skin or the mask is used to conceal the identity of persons as viewed in the society today. Loo says that the man of current society hides any differences by use of the mask and protection of the identity. Therefore, the exterior element of the building cannot literally representation of the house’s interior style because in the equation, the skin plays the role of the mask. The skin will therefore cover and give privacy of the inner side of space (Lasc et al 44). Concerning human inhabitation, the humans prefer less transparency for reasons of privacy. This is the reason to why modern outfits are using less transparency in the buildings. The design of industries in current society is less transparent as compared to the style of living of primary human beings (Lasc et al 44). Because of the safety measures and the nature of defense, people built barriers and walls surrounding the spaces of living so as to provide protection to food, tribe and their culture. This gave more protection to the inner sides. Taking a keen examination of many industrial buildings, the façade is covered by the concrete and the bricks. However, the smaller role is played by the transparency of the surface. The barrier plays the role of the mask or the non transparent envelops which cover the private part and separates the users from the outside (Lasc et al 44).
An example of the transparency is the glass house which was designed by Philip Johnson. Phillip designed the glass house in a way that the exterior space is a part of the interior space in 1949. He designed it as his dwelling residence (Deviren et al 43). His work is very crucial and influences the works of current architecture. This building represents the effects of transparency and the reflection including proportion and geometry. Johnson’s building is a good example of the use of industrial materials in the early days. The industrial materials included the steel and glass in the home design. The house of Philip is concealed from the scenes of the streets. It is located behind the wall made of stone in the crest’s edge opposite the pond. The glass house is painted with charcoal on glass and steel of the exterior space. On the other hand, the interior part is open and the space is divided by cabinets of low walnuts. The cylinder made of brick consists of the bathroom and gives the only passage to the ceiling from the floor. The Landscape of this glass house can be viewed on the wallpaper. Johnson together with Whitney successfully designed the landscape that surrounded the buildings (Deviren et al 43).The landscape reflected the painting of the landscape. Johnson wanted privacy when he used charcoal paintings of steel and glass. The idea of Philip was to preserve his building so as it could be used as a monument for the public. He was able to build and cement his legacy in the field of architecture and design. Up to today, this building is one of his best works and all the other buildings he designed (Deviren et al 43).
To add on, the strong and the cold elements made of concrete of the facades symbolizes the enclosure in situations where the users of the house admire to stay and protect themselves from the natural elements of outdoor. They desire to avoid most and any exterior interior connection parts. However, there is creation of feelings of loneliness leading to depression because of outside disconnections.
The exterior designs of the recent times help us to remember that the color of life can be created by transparency to the spaces we live and to our homes. A good example is that of Philip Johnson’s house of glass. His house is a reflection of the meaning of how the outside and the inner side are combined such that when one is within the house, he or she does not have feeling of outer disconnection (Furukawa et al 50). Moreover one gets that feeling that the interior volume is part of the out space. Something that raises a lot of questions is the failure of the eyes to determine the barrier that exists between the exterior space and the inside of the house. The designers are now shifting towards this method created by Philip. They are applying the method where the inner conditions are opened to the environment of the outside space in commercial projects. The latest example is 50 Martin place building (Furukawa et al 50). The example of Philip Johnson expresses the application window concept acting as the element of transparency on the facades. Besides their functions of ventilation and intake of light, windows are applied to bring the nature of the outside inside and maintain the connection between natural elements and us. This introduction and uses of the skins that are transparent on the buildings is the emulating and coping of the way in which the ancestors lived their life where they lived openly (Furukawa et al 50).
The current issue on the relationship between the exterior and interior space elements of a building could be expanded further than being viewed as the rigid skin but a system which will serve the people who use the house with different functionalities and different forms. An example is the Sharifa house that is in Tehran (iron) by the studio of Tehran. In this house the façade is an adaptive element in the building. The house helps introduce the façade which acts as an adaptive element in the building. There are flexible views and intake of light from the building because of the rotating balconies. This brings up another meaning of feeling freedom in envelop unlike just the dimension of the barrier. This shows how the elements of the building could help reshape and convert the old original forms to systems that will do multiple of tasks and serve house users in efficient manner (Furukawa et al 50).
In the examples of the buildings used above, the different systems of facades lead to consumption of energy differently in terms of efficiency and rates. This can be accounted by the usage of the energy by the building’s air conditioning and lighting. In daytime, there is low usage of artificial light because the transparent facades allow more light in the building. This will however in turn lead to more gaining of the heat and loss through skin thus high demand of using the air conditioning. Therefore, the designers are trying to find the balance and selecting the right elements of transparent. Adding to the Sharif-ha House the facades are adopted to enable users enjoy light of the sun in daytime. The absence of terrace gives very minimal openings. This thus enables to reduce the conditions of the outdoor on the space of the indoor and allow the entry of right amount of light according to the taste of the user (Rengel 39).
The use of interior materials can help bring the nature and determining the connection and relationship between the exterior and interior space context. This helps to create a feeling of warmth in the nature. Loo is quoted saying that what he needed was to enable the people to have a feeling of substance in his room. This is an indication that the selection of the material in the designing of the interior is crucial since it helps provide indication of the work of relationship between the various spaces (Rengel 39). The building has parts which act as the interface of the public and look like the way the city works while the parts acting as forms of inner side responds to the system of society differently including the relations. Therefore, our sense of belonging to the location we claimed over replaced the home. The interior side gives us security in terms of psychology but it also does expose our life to the dangers that we do not know their existence. The walls act as the membranes that give us protection from the forces of the outside. The membranes also distance us from the relationship from others and ourselves and our connection to the nature (Rengel 39). The fireplace made of the brick and stone including the furniture of leather creates a feeling of warmth thus a sense of home. The feeling of interaction with nature is created by the vegetation, near the house (Rengel 39).
An example is the fire station designed by aha Hadid. She tries to bring the relationship between the surrounding agriculture and the building that existed on the campus. She build the fire station on the request of the company after the 1981 fire. The fire station is the architecture that tries to bridge campus and the context of the surrounding. It was believed to bring the connection between the landscape surrounding and the campus facility. The complexity of the interior space is exactly as the external space of the building (Rengel 39). The inner side together with the outside of the station is made of complex space arrangement that gives an indication of the instability while at the same time retaining the structure and stability of the building. The house at the station is used as a museum today. Therefore, the campus has a sense of belonging to the fire station and has replaced it a home.
In conclusion, the discussion about the relationship between the exterior and interior elements of the building in the layout and field of architecture enables to address the issue of meaning of the building in the context of an object. The building is important for all the activities that take place in it and to the inhabitants. The traditional disconnection of humans from the nature can be overcome instead of living in a barrier. This is only done with quick action of design which lead to a space that is inhabitable and the user cannot be disconnected from the elements of nature and the world of outside. To inhabit any place, the users will have to combine the various design elements like connectivity of the exterior and interior, transparency and materials of the interior space so as to gain the design point which is very efficient. The main aim of the design is to make the users of the house happy and please them so as they can spend their entire life in that space of the houses.
Brooker, Graeme, and Sally Stone. Form and Structure in Interior Architecture. Bloomsbury Publishing, 2016.
Deviren, A. Senem, and Phillip James Tabb. The Greening of Architecture: A Critical History and Survey of Contemporary Sustainable Architecture and Urban Design. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2014.
Furukawa, Yasutaka, et al. “Reconstructing building interiors from images.” Computer Vision, 2009 IEEE 12th International Conference on. IEEE, 2009.
Lasc, Anca I., Georgina Downey, and Mark Taylor. “FRENCH CONNECTIONS: THE MODERN INTERIOR AND MASS MEDIA.” Designing the French Interior: The Modern Home and Mass Media (2015): 1.
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Contemporary Issues on Interior and Exterior Space. (2022, Jan 29). Retrieved from https://essaylab.com/essays/contemporary-issues-on-interior-and-exterior-space
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