How No Fats Affect the Biochemical Process of the Body?

How no fats affect the biochemical process of the body

Breakdown of triglycerides

There are a number of processes that are involved in a human body to break triglycerides to obtain energy. This process is referred to as lipolysis. Through hydrolysis, triglycerides are first broken down to release glycerol and fatty acids. The process that takes place in cytoplasm is referred to as lipolysis. Oxidation then takes place to the fatty acids by ?-oxidation and this result to acetyl CoA. This is then used in the Krebs cycle. The glycerol then enters glycolysis pathway in form of DHAP. Acetyl CoA released is then used in the generation of energy in form of ATP through application of aerobic respiration (Starr et al, 2006).
The differences unsaturated and saturated fatty acids

Saturated and unsaturated fatty acids depict a number of chemical differences especially in terms of their structure. Saturated fatty acids have no double bonds in their structure which links adjoining molecules. Because of lack of this double bond, saturated fatty acids are close packed with lack gaps in the structure. On the other hand, the unsaturated fatty acids have got double bond in their structure and this result to gaps in the chain of these molecules as the molecules are not closely packed. At room temperature, saturated fat acids are solid while the unsaturated fats at room temperatures are liquids. This is because saturated fat acids are closely packed while the unsaturated fats are not closely packed. In the human body, saturated fatty acids are not preferred because when they penetrate to blood stream, they result to low-density lipoprotein which results to clogging of the arteries on the other hand, unsaturated fatty acids are preferred in the body as they do not result to clogging and because of this, they are referred to as good cholesterol to the body (Crowe & Bradshaw, 2014).
The effect of no-fat diets to the body
Human body is known to manufacture most of the fats that are needed by the body which includes saturated fatty acids, cholesterol and even unsaturated acids. Although this is the case, there are some fatty acids that are not manufactured by the body and hence the need to take diets that supplies these fats. Such fatty acids include the alpha-linoleic acid and the linoleic acid lack of which will result to unhealthy issues.
The cell membrane of a human being is principally known to be made up of the phospholipids and cholesterol. Phospholipid molecules are known to be made up of glycerol molecules that essentially form the triglycerides. In addition, human body cells including the mitochondrial and also the endoplasmic reticulum membrane have a great percentage of phosphatidylcholine which is a constituent of a phosphoric acid. Other forms of fatty acid molecules include arachidonic acid that controls sodium pump that controls nerve conduction velocity. The arachidonic acid and the DHA acid are most important fatty acid especially to the human brain (Lieberman, 2013). Alpha-linoleic acid and linoleic acid are essential especially in aiding chemical activity in the cell membrane and in establishing the fluidity of the cell membrane. Lack of these essential fats will inhibit such processes from taking place. They especially help in enabling diffusion of substances across the membrane for normal functioning of the body lack of which can affect body functioning. In addition they help in regulating energy production and electron transport in the body cells. In addition, they aid in transporting cholesterol in human body (Crowe & Bradshaw, 2014).
All the above shows the important fatty acids, fats are very important components of human heart, brain, immune cells and membranes and other tissues of the body. This therefore calls for taking in right fats in right quantity to ensure that our health is not deteriorated. They are very important building blocks of human body, are much involved in physiological process of human body and they carry fat-soluble vitamins. Lack of these in human body will result to unhealthy condition(Lieberman, 2013).
Starr, C., Taggart, R., Evers, C. A., & Starr, L. (2006).Biology: The unity and diversity of life. Australia: Brooks/Cole.
Crowe, J., & Bradshaw, T. (2014).Chemistry for the biosciences: The essential concepts.

Lieberman, M., Marks, A. D., &Peet, A. (2013).Marks’ basic medical biochemistry: A clinical approach. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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